Muscle Energy Technique as Modality in Reduced Low Back Pain Through Activated Beta Endorphins

  • Al Gifari M. Y. Politeknik Unggulan Kalimantan
  • Hidayah A. R. Politeknik Unggulan Kalimantan
  • Nafi'ah N. Politeknik Unggulan Kalimantan
Keywords: Muscle Energy Technique, Beta Endorphins, Low Back Pain


Introduction : Low back pain is an emerging problem with an incidence that is the highest in the third decade of life worldwide. One way to manipulate low back pain is using Muscle Energy Technique (MET). MET is a manual therapy treatment technique contracts specific muscles against the resistance of the clinician and stimulate beta endorphins produce analgesia by binding to opioid receptor to modulate pain. Beta-endorphins are neuropeptides involved in pain management. However, studies on MET regarding magnitude and duration of effectiveness MET to reduction LBP through activated beta endorphins are limited. Therefore in this study we will discuss effectiveness MET as modality to reduction LBP through activated beta endorphins. Methode: literature study with descriptive qualitative design. data obtained through secondary data taken from research journals. Results: MET reducing pain through stimulation of agonist and antagonist muscles, seems to decrease perception of pain through activated beta endorphins. This technique could be applied prior to other rehab techniques, such as strengthening exercises, to decrease pain and enhance the effect of applied exercise program. Conclusion: MET can be used as one of the modalities in reducing low back pain through activated beta endorphins.


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