Effectivity of Motor Control Exercise On Range of Motion and Functional Ability of Lumbar Joint in Non-Specific Low Back Pain
Introduction – Non-specific low back pain is a symptom of low back pain that occurs without unknown cause, could result pain, muscle spasms and imbalance muscle, and decrease the stability of the abdominal and lower back muscles. Motor control exercise is a method that activates deep muscle and global muscle in order to improve the coordination, control, and capacity of the trunk muscles to enhance the functional ability of the lumbar in which can reduce pain, improve stability and improve the range of motion limited. Methods – This study used an experimental study with one-group pretest posttest design. The sampling technique is purposive sampling with 20 respondents, age 35 – 65 years, no fracture, and receive no medication related to pain. Measuring tools used are goniometer to find out the value of ROM and Rolland Morris Disability Questionnaire to determine daily functional capabilities of Lumbar joint before and after 12 times of MCE. The data collected is analyzed by SPSS 23.0 with significance value p<0.05. Result – the results shown that 20 respondents had an increase in Lumbar ROM of flexion (p<0.01), extension (p<0.01), lateral flexion dextra (p<0.01), lateral flexion sinistra (p<0.01), rotation dextra (p<0.01), rotation sinistra (p<0.01) and functional ability (p<0.01). Conclusion – Motor control exercise is an effective treatment to increase ROM and functional ability of lumbar joint in non-specific low back pain.
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