Effectivity of Motor Control Exercise On Range of Motion and Functional Ability of Lumbar Joint in Non-Specific Low Back Pain

  • Purnamasari N. Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Audina N. Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Amaliah N. Universitas Hasanuddin
Keywords: motor control exercise, range of motion, functional ability, low back pain, LBP

Abstract

Introduction – Non-specific low back pain is a symptom of low back pain that occurs without unknown cause, could result pain, muscle spasms and imbalance muscle, and decrease the stability of the abdominal and lower back muscles. Motor control exercise is a method that activates deep muscle and global muscle in order to improve the coordination, control, and capacity of the trunk muscles to enhance the functional ability of the lumbar in which can reduce pain, improve stability and improve the range of motion limited. Methods – This study used an experimental study with one-group pretest posttest design. The sampling technique is purposive sampling with 20 respondents, age 35 – 65 years, no fracture, and receive no medication related to pain. Measuring tools used are goniometer to find out the value of ROM and Rolland Morris Disability Questionnaire to determine daily functional capabilities of Lumbar joint before and after 12 times of MCE. The data collected is analyzed by SPSS 23.0 with significance value p<0.05. Result – the results shown that 20 respondents had an increase in Lumbar ROM of flexion (p<0.01), extension (p<0.01), lateral flexion dextra (p<0.01), lateral flexion sinistra (p<0.01), rotation dextra (p<0.01), rotation sinistra (p<0.01) and functional ability (p<0.01). Conclusion – Motor control exercise is an effective treatment to increase ROM and functional ability of lumbar joint in non-specific low back pain.

References

Abdullah F. 2012. Different Effects Between Exercising with Pilates And Mc Kenzie Approach
Against Functional Pain Reduction in Patients with Lower Specific Lower Back Pain. Jakarta:
Universitas Esa Unggul.
Agency for Health Research and Development Ministry of Health RI. 2013. Basic Health Research
Atmantika, NB. 2014. Relationship Between Intensity of Pain With Functional Limitations of
Everyday Activities In Low Back Pain In RSUD.DR.Moewardi. Surakarta.
Bystrom, M.G., Rasmussen-Barr E., and Grooten W.J.A. 2013. Motor control exercises reduces
pain and disability in chronic and recurrent low back pain. E350-8
Fitzpatrick, Paula. 2011. The Cause of Lower Back Pain and Symptoms.
Kibler, B.W., Press, J., and Sciascia, A. 2006. Journal of Sport Medicine: The Role of Core
Stability in Athletic Function.
Kisner, C. 2012. Therapeutic Exercise Foundation and Techniques. Sixth Edition. Philadelphia:
F.A Davis Company.
Nurwahyuni, Djajaskuli R, Naiem F. 2012. Factors related to lower back pain complaints on
loading and unloading workers of the archipelago port city of Pare-Pare.
Panjabi, MM. 2013. The Stabilizing system of the spine. Part I. function, Dysfunction, Adaption,
and Enhancement. Journal of Spinal Disorder.
Saragiotto, B.T., et al. 2016. Systematic Review: Motor Control Exercise for Chronic Non-Specific
Low Back Pain. London: The Cochrane Library
Susanti, N. 2012. Physiology of Sports: Training of Combination of Core Stability Exercise and
Basic Therapy Increases Functional Activity Instead of Basic Therapy On Lower Backbone
Miogenik In Bendan Pekalongan Hospital. Pekalongan
The Global Burden Disease. 2017. Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators.
Lancet
Published
2019-09-20
Section
Articles