Improving Range of Motion of Lumbar Joint by Applying Motor Control Exercises in Non-Specific Low Back Pain

  • Rijal R. Universitas Hasanuddin
  • Amaliah N. Universitas Hasanuddin
Keywords: Non-Specific Low Back Pain, Motor Control Exercise, Range of Motion of Lumbar Joint


Non-specific low back pain is a symptom that can occur with unclear causes. The condition can cause muscle pain, muscle spasm and imbalance muscles, so the stability of lower abdominal and back muscles will be reduced. In addition, another negative impact of the condition is the range of motion of the lumbar joint will decrease significantly. The motor control exercise (MCE) is one of exercise methods that can improve stability and range of motion (ROM) of lumbar joint. The aim of study is to evaluate the effect of motor control exercise in improving range of motion of lumbar region in non-specific low back pain condition. This study used an experimental study with one-group pre and posttest design. Twenty patients with non-specific low back pain selected with purposive sampling, perform motor control exercises for 12 time treatments by Physiotherapist. The range of motion was measured with goniometer The result shows that 20 participants had a significant increase of the lumbar mobility after getting 12 MCE treatments. The Wilcoxon test shows the significant value with p<0, 05 which means that there is a significant effect of motor control exercise in improving the range of motion of the lumbar area in nonspecific low back pain condition.


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